What is Scoliosis?

December 23, 2019

Scoliosis refers to a curvature of the spine.  Idiopathic scoliosis which is the most common type occurs more frequently in young girls between the ages of 12-14 years.  Other types of scoliosis include congenital and degenerative scoliosis occurring in the very young and adults respectively.

Treatment of scoliosis depends on the age of presentation, concurrent conditions, and the degree and location of the curvature of the spine.  For idiopathic scoliosis, early detection and bracing of children can decrease the need for surgical correction of the spine.

Adult degenerative scoliosis refers to curvature in the adult spine due to degenerative arthritis of the spine.  The condition can cause pain and frequently nerve root symptoms that radiate down to the legs.  Treatment for mild curves includes rest, activity modifications, and a lumbar stabilization program.  For severe cases, spinal corrections and fusions may be necessary.


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